- On cold days, heat and defrost will both prevent EV mode if the engine is not warm enough (usually > 150F)
- The battery voltage must remain above 180v.
- The Charge Current Limit must remain above 50A.
- The battery must be above 50% SOC to engage EV mode.
- The battery must remain below 80% SOC .
- The traction battery must remain below 120°F The traction battery must be below 113°F to engage EV mode.
- The gas engine (ICE) must be above 32°F (0°C) to engage EV mode.
- The speed must remain below 60 km/h
- The accelerator pedal must not be depressed more than about half to 3/4 of the way down
I wanted to download several files from mediafire. But those files were large and my internet connection is slow. So i thought of downloading those to my network associated storage. My network associated storage is NS-320U. A chinese one which uses a linux core. So access it I used PUTTY shell program.
Please follow the following steps and you will find it very easy to do this in the command line.
But first you have to open the mediafire URL in a computer browser and start the download. For this I prefer Firefox. Then pause the download and copy the Actual download link by right clicking the download status bar.
If you simply copy past the mediafire link it will only download the html file. IT WII NOT WORK.
Now open the command line program of your choice. I am using PUTTY SSH client.now you can use Wget function in the LINUX to download the file.
the command should be something like this.
wget -P /usb/sda1/ http://www.google.lk
(http://www.google.lk- should be replaced with previously copied link)
if you want to continue downloading the file after you close the command line window you can have the following modification to your command.
nohup wget -P /usb/sda1/ http://www.google.lk
- Keep your acceleration low; don’t step on the gas pedal unnecessarily
- If you want to reduce the speed of your vehicle apply breaks beforehand and reduce the speed slowly. Avoid sudden breaking. Smooth application of breaks will produce more regenerative energy.
- Read the road ahead
- When you have accelerated your vehicle to the required speed suddenly release the accelerator. This will switch off the ICE (Internal combustion engine) and switch the vehicle to the battery mode. You will be able to see EV in the smart meter. Now accelerate slowly to maintain the speed.
Free nerve endings are responsible for the perception of pain. There are some chemical mediators of pain like bradykinin which stimulate free nerve endings and causes pain sensation. Drugs like paracetamol / acetaminophen are called NSAID s or Non Steroid Anti Inflammatory Drugs. These drugs inhibit a class of enzymes called COX ( cycloxygenase ) There are three types of cycloxygnase. COX-1, COX-2 and COX-3. COX is responsible for the synthesis of prostaglandins in various parts of the body. Prostatglandin sensitize free nerve endings to chemical mediators of pain So when the prostaglandin production decreased pain sensation decreases. Paracetamol also known to be a selective inhibitor of COX-3.
Codeine, a closely related substance to morphine (so codeine is also an opioid) converted in the body to morphine. Codeine is readily absorbed by mouth and it does not have the dependent effect of morphine. But since it is converted in the body to morphine it can cause various gastro-intestinal symptoms. So codeine increases the tone and reduces the motility of many parts of the gastro intestinal tract. This can delay the gastric emptying and considerably reduces the absorption of the other drugs. It can also increase the pressure in the biliary system since it increases the contraction of the gallbladder and increase the tone of the biliary sphincter. So codeine should be avoided in patients with biliary colic caused by gallstones. This action on gastro intestinal smooth muscles can cause severe constipation in some patients and it can be very troublesome to them.
Plants are important for human life in many ways. Without plants animal life on the planet earth would be almost impossible.
Importance of plants as a food source
Plants make up the largest proportion in our diet. Plants are much more important than the larger trees for this purpose since in many countries the staple diet comes from rice or wheat.
Importance of plants to maintain the balance in the echo-system
Plants are really necessary to maintain the balance in the echo-system. For an instance plants are necessary to cycle C on the planet. CO2 in the air taken in to the plants and stored in the carbohydrates. In the present time human activities have reduced the amount of plants on the planet. So all the cycles are now changing. Because of this now the humans feel the importance of plants more and more.
Importance of plants in medicine
Plant extracts contain many chemical compounds which are biologically active within the human body. For centuries humans have used plants and plant extracts to treat various disease conditions and more recently to produce new drugs. Still most of the plants carry a large number of unidentified compounds which can be really useful of making new drugs and for the identification of lead compounds. This can be very important in making new treatments available to diseases like AIDS.
Next time when you eat a polar bear liver, even though it is a great delicacy, keep in mind to eat in moderation. If you develop above symptoms after that better to seek medical attention immediately.
CPK blood test is very widely used for the detection of myocardial infarctions. But despite the popularity of CPK blood test for the detection of myocardial infarction it can be very effectively used to investigate and diagnose many other conditions associated with skeletal muscles. CPK-MM isoform of the CPK enzyme is predominantly found in skeletal muscle. These diseases of the skeletal muscles range from simple traumatic muscle damage to more advance muscle dystrophies. More common conditions are myositis, post electromyography, recent surgery, and strenuous exercise.
When we talk about the isoform CPK-MB it is predominantely found in cardiac myosites. When there is damage to cardiac muscle cell this isoform of CPK enzyme is released. This is another very common situation in which CPK blood test is performed. When someone is admitted to the hospital with a chest pain a CPK blood test may be performed to diagnose whether he is having a heart attack.
Eg: CPK enzyme and Troponin I in myocardial infarctions.
CPK enzyme and myoglobin in muscle damage.
Fot more information about this read CPK Test and CPK Blood Test
Abnormal cpk levels can be due to various reasons. CPK levels are comparatively high in the skeletal muscle, heart and the brain. So any damage to skeletal muscle heart or brain can give rise to abnormal cpk levels. But in the clinical setting the most important aspects are the skeletal muscles and the heart. In the case of abnormal cpk levels in the clinical setting the term “Abnormal cpk levels” is synonymous with elevated cpk levels. (See also - elevated cpk levels) when we talk about the skeletal muscle conditions direct trauma, exercise, polymyositis, dermatomyositis, Duchenne muscular dystrophy and etc can give rise to very high cpk values. In Duchenne muscular dystrophy cpk values can be abnormal (very high) even before the actual clinical manifestation.
After a myocardial infarction damaged myocardial cells release cpk-mb isoform of the CPK enzyme. This can give rise to abnormal CPK levels in the blood. But significance of this decreases after two days. But in addition to these many other conditions can give rise to abnormal cpk levels. So before coming to a conclusion all the differential diagnosis of a particular clinical scenario should be taken into account.
- Female 24-170 U/L
- Male 20-260 U/L
- CK-MB fraction
In Earlier days you can remember we had plaster-of-Paris back slabs we used to splint fractured limbs. Those were heavy, ugly and difficult to manipulate. Nowadays we have nice good looking material made up of fiber comes in various colors and those are light weight. These Orthopedic Supplies are developed by scientists after numerous years of research. Now we know how mechanical forces act on our body and our joins and how we should support these joints without damaging a different part of the body. Actually these new orthopedic supplies are the ones which have actually changed the field of orthopedics.
Recently I bought a Chinese GPS unit which has 7 inch display, a 600 MHz processor, 128 MB RAM and running Windows CE operating system. First I thought it as a simple GPS unit. But after going through various forums I realised that we can modify the GPS unit to do various functions. Actually manufacturers of the GPS units lock their Windows operating environment to do several defined tasks. Like GPS, calculator, movie player and MP3 player. But there is actually an Windows environment running beneath what you see. You can actually unlock it to get the maximum out of your unit. After unlocking your unit you can install software of your choice.
Back to the GPS functionality of my unit, it is actually very sensitive and has a good signal reception, it runs on SIRF 5 GPS processor. One of the best processes in the current market. My GPS is made by the company called ERODA. Their unit appeared actually very good.
Large number of people in the world is suffer from hemorrhoids. And most of the people think constipation is a major risk factor for hemorrhoids. Today we will talk more about this subject. According to Baily and love’s “short practice of surgery-25th edition” when stools are harder it requires more straining and more time sitting on the lavatory with relaxed perineum. This causes the venous plexus around the anus to get engorged and it could also obstruct the venous return. From this we can expect to have some association between hemorrhoids and constipation. But it is also mentioned in the same paragraph the epidemiological pattern of constipation differs from that of the hemorrhoids. So it means no association between hemorrhoids and constipation. But the current view about the hemorrhoids is that hemorrhoids are caused by shearing forces acting on the anus due to variety of reasons. But the most important thing is if a patient is suffering even from 1st degree hemorrhoids relieving constipation in that patient is a must. If the patient is having both constipation and hemorrhoids, constipation can really aggravate the symptoms of hemorrhoids. Actually patients with hemorrhoids are always advised by doctors to take more dietary fiber to normalize their bowel habits. As far as I believe according to the current view association between Constipation and hemorrhoids is a yes and a no.